The Harmandir Sahib also Darbar Sahib informally referred to as the Golden Temple is the pivotal sacred place for the Sikhs. Sri Harmandir Sahib literally means The Temple of God. The fourth guru of Sikhism, Guru Ram Das ji, excavated a tank in 1577 which subsequently became known as Amritsar giving its name to the city that grew around it. In due course, a Sikh edifice, Sri Harmandir Sahib rose in the middle of this tank and became the supreme centre of Sikhism. Its sanctum came to house the Adi Granth comprising compositions of Sikh Gurus and other saints like Baba Fareed and Kabir.
The Harmandir Sahib was built by the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Arjan Dev, in the 16th Century. In 1604, Guru Arjan Dev ji completed the Adi Granth, the holy scripture of Sikhism, and installed it in the Gurdwara.